Introduction to French Bulldog Breed Standard


General appearance

Powerful enough at small stature, proportionately complex, compact, strong dog with a chipmunk and short snout, straight ears, short tail by nature and smooth short coat. It should give the impression of an energetic and smart animal, very muscular with healthy bones.

Constitution type

Healthy. Light or rough type, as well as excessive harshness or dryness, are undesirable. Abrupt deviations from the specified type of constitution are a vice.

Behavior and character

Sociable, cheerful, playful, athletic, lively. Overwhelmed with love for their owners and especially for children. Excessive phlegm and slightly irritable dogs are not desirable. Fear and aggression towards people are vices.

Format

The French Bulldog is a dog that is close to the square format, but not quite. Allowance is allowed for strong bones and wide breasts.

Weight and height

Weight in males should not exceed 14 and in females – 13 kg. The minimum weight is 8 kg. The height at the withers should correspond to the weight. The desired height is in the range of 29 to 35 cm. This height usually corresponds to a weight of 10-13 kg.

Sexual dimorphism

Sexual dimorphism is well expressed. Females are smaller and lighter than males, with a smaller head than the body. As a rule, slightly stretched females give birth more easily. Females in the male type and male animals resembling females is a defect.

Chapter


Fig.3
The head is large, massive and wide.
The head of the beautiful French bulldog fits into two regular squares. (Fig.3).
The skull between the ears is flat, the occipital protrusion is slightly pronounced, the forehead is protruding. The transition between the forehead and the muzzle is very sharp.
The muzzle is short, wide, deep and well defined.
The back of the nose is very short.
Its length should not exceed 1/6 of the length of the forehead.
The nose must be a chip. There are 1 (2) deep skin folds on the back of the nose. They should not rise above eye level. The nose is black, wide, with wide symmetrical and obliquely directed nostrils. Nose – the lip line should be well defined. Not pigmented, pink or brown nose, and also split (divided into two separate parts) is disqualified. A disadvantage is considered when the nostrils are very narrow and the dog has difficulty breathing.
The ideal head with all the typical features

Fig. 4.
The upper and lower jaws are wide and slightly rounded. The lower jaw should be twisted at the top and with such a length that the lower incisors stand in front of the upper ones (Fig. 4-c). Insufficient length of the lower jaw leads to biting disorders. The French Bulldog has a reverse bite, any other species is disqualified.
In case of the excessive length of the lower jaw or insufficient bending upwards, the incisors are shown, and in case of even greater length the dog’s teeth are shown (defect) (Fig. 5).
The lips are thick, and the lower and upper lips converge in the middle, covering the teeth, which should not be visible when the mouth is closed. The language should also not be visible. Even a slightly visible tooth is a defect. Very raw, drooping lip are a disadvantage. The lips should be black in all colors. Incomplete lip pigmentation is allowed in spotted dogs, provided they have good eyelid pigmentation and a black nose. White spots on the muzzle in all colors except spotted are not desirable. The cheekbones are well developed and together with the muscles of the cheeks form the width of the head. At the same time, they should not be abruptly submitted to the parties. The eyes are large, round and dark, with a vivid expression. They are not very deep, very slightly convex, located low on the head – at the same height as the back of the nose and far enough away from each other. The whites of the eyes should not be visible when viewed from the front. The distance from the base of the ears to the eyes should be as large as possible. Eyelids and eyelashes should be black in all colors. Between the protruding eyebrows, there is a deep furrow that does not go to the forehead. Bright eyes are a disadvantage, multicolored eyes are disqualified.

Fig. 5
The eyes are oval and very small. Here you can see that the long lower jaw does not affect the length of the muzzle, but makes the teeth visible. The snout, although short, is narrow and poorly filled under the eyes. Visible canine teeth are a disqualifying defect. Often with such a structure of the jaws, the tongue is seen, which is disqualified.

One of the common shortcomings in the structure of the head is the roundness of the skull between the ears apple head fig.6.

In this form of the skull, the ears are wide and low. In addition, one drawing shows that the fold of the back of the nose and the short lower jaw are missing.

Fig.6
Figure 7 shows: Good shape of the skull, good placement of the ears, eyes are narrow. The lower jaw is flat and the corner is rectangular.

Fig.7
The line connecting three points on one line is important for the evaluation of the head: the chin-nose-the beginning of the forehead or the so-called Lay bak-line. The drawings below show several variants of the heads in the profile. Figure 8 shows the correct profile when the front point of the head is the chin. and does not touch it.

Figures 8, 9, 10 and 11

In Fig. 10 the forehead is not rounded enough and runs away from the line. 11 The lower jaw is slightly short. The forehead is well rounded and the line goes down slightly without touching the chin.

EARS

The ears of the French Bulldog are erect, large, wide at the base and gradually tapering upwards as rounded – the so-called bat ears. They should be placed absolutely vertically in relation to the head, high on the skull and far enough away from each other. When viewed from the front, both auricles should be visible. The skin of the ears is soft and thin. Figure 13 shows different variants of improper wearing of the ears.

Fig.13

13 – 1 – Well set, but very sharp.
13 – 2 – Half-standing (right) and hanging on the cartilage (left)
13 – 3 – Located very far from each other
13 – 4 -.Correct in shape and placement of ears-ears of a bat

Neck and nape

The nape of the French Bulldog is short, strong and with a small curve (Fig. 14). The neck should be strong, short, and set at an angle of 45 degrees, and the skin of the neck is free, but not hanging. Too short neck, when the head looks strung on the body is a disadvantage, as well as a too long and thin neck. The low position of the neck, when the nape is practically in line with the back, is also a disadvantage and indicates too sharp shoulders. A high neck is not typical of the French Bulldog.

Fig.14

Body and top line

The body is short, the ribs are very well rounded, the chest is wide and deep, barrel-shaped in front. The abdomen in the area of ​​the thighs is moderately tucked up, but not as in the greyhound. The back in the area of ​​the shoulders is wide and should be narrowed towards the thighs so that when viewed from above you can see a pear-shaped shape. When viewed from the front, the chest and forelegs form a square inscribed between the inside of the forelegs and the lower chest (Fig. 15).


Fig.15

Variation of this square of a rectangle, especially in height (Fig. 16) is a deviation from the desired type and is characteristic of tall and narrow-breasted dogs. Expanding the width of this rectangle is found in dogs with good chest width, but with crooked forearms (Fig. 17). Another disadvantage is the flat chest when the chest line is not rounded but straight (Fig. 18). shown wide chest, but its width is achieved not by the roundness of the ribs but at the expense of muscle and fat. With such breasts, the front legs are located too close to each other, as if they were “under the breasts”

Fig. 16, 17, 18 and 19.

The upper line starts from the poorly developed withers, descends slightly and then rises, reaching the highest point in the waist and gradually descends to the tail (Fig. 20), forming an inclined croup. The most common disadvantages:

Fig. 20, 21 and 22

Fig.21 – Sunken upper line in dogs with a long back and no curve of the waist, where the tail is usually placed high .:

Fig.22 – Straight upper line due to excessively developed withers and straight croup, the abdomen is not retracted, the body resembles a cylinder, there is no curve of the waist, and the tail is also set high;

Fig. 23 and 24

Fig. 23 – “Camel-like”, curved back – with this shortcoming is often observed beveled croup

Fig.24 – Straight upper line rising to the tail – due to excessively long and straight hind legs, waist without curve – croup is very short

Groats

The rump should be wide and sloping. The upper line and the angle of the hind limbs depend on the shape and inclination of the croup. If we look from the side, the outline of the croup and hind limbs to the hocks form a harmonic curve (Fig. 20). It should also be remembered that the violation of the movement of the hind limbs can be caused by pathology in the pelvis (dysplasia)

Tail

The French Bulldog is born with a short tail, the vertebrae of which have various distortions – tail “knot”, “corkscrew” and others. The tail can be relatively long, with breaks or straight. Its length should not exceed the hocks. All these variants of the queue are French Bulldog breed standard. The location of the tail is more important – it should be placed low. If the tail in the excited state is raised higher than the line of the back, this is a serious drawback. If the tail is very short and located in a pit, this is also a disadvantage. The absence of a tail or cropped tail is a disqualifying defect.

Fig.25

Figure 25 shows different variants of the tail. Of these, only the position of the tail of Fig. 25-A is incorrect, all others are in the standard.

Forelegs

The forelegs are short, straight, parallel, powerful and far enough apart. The elbows are close to the body. The forearms are short, strong and straight, the joints are short and strong. The paws are round, arched and tightly folded. The nails are short and healthy. In the stand, the paws can be slightly turned outwards. In tiger dogs, the nails should be dark, in spots, beige and beige. If the joints are weak, they are located at an angle to the ground, inclined (Fig. 26) and often the fingers can be opened. Distorted sub-arms are very common, with a strong spread as a rule (Fig. 27). Another disadvantage is that the elbows are turned outwards (Fig. 27). 28)

Figs. 26, 27 and 28

Figure 29 shows common defects of the paws:
29-A – “rabbit paws” characterized by insufficiently rounded finger joints. In dogs with such defects, the center of gravity is usually shifted back, resulting in impaired proper movement.

Fig.29

In Fig.29-B spaced fingers. Such dogs do not step on their toes but on their entire paw. The step is difficult and difficult. In lynx – In too many outwardly turned paws and sloping joints.

Hind limbs

The hind limbs are strong and muscular, slightly longer than the forelegs. When viewed from behind, they are strictly parallel. The thighs are muscular and wide. The hocks are well defined and low set (Fig. 30). The paws are more rounded than the front ones. The French Bulldog must be born without extra fingers. The presence of extra fingers or traces of their removal is a disqualifying defect.

Fig.30

The most common defect of the hind limbs is the poorly expressed angle of the hocks (Fig. 31). As a rule, the thighs and knees are short, the hind limbs are not placed back but are under the croup, and the movements are “tied”. It is also undesirable to bring the hind limbs together (Fig. 32), which is usually found in a narrow pelvis. Very often the hocks are almost aligned with each other, they are inclined and the paws are turned outwards. This is a very serious drawback (Fig. 33). A peculiar opposite of this is – the barrel-shaped posture of the hind limbs when the hocks are turned outwards and the paws inwards (Fig. 34). other breeds than the French Bulldog (Fig. 35) This is also a drawback that needs to be taken into account. Figure 36 shows a saber-like setting of the hind limbs. This also happens with too long thighs and knees. The angle of the hocks is very pronounced, the croup is beveled. The heels are too sloping and the dog does not step on his toes but on the whole paw.

Fig.31, 32 and 33

Fig.34, 35 and 36

Movements

Movements must be free. Good movement in every gait gives the impression that the dog moves effortlessly. Pulling the body in one direction when moving is a disadvantage. The balance of movement is achieved with the help of the head and neck in the front and with the help of the sacrum in the back. The center of gravity is located in the front third of the chest. The front limbs serve as the main support when moving, the main weight (for example 2/3 of the total weight) is on them. A defect is considered to be a “striking” gait of the front limbs (dog – drum) and also a stable plane.

Fur and coloring

The coat is short, sticky, shiny, soft, and thick. It should not be long or wavy.
Since 1995, the French Bulldog has been recognized in three colors.

  • Tiger (brindle) is a mixture of black and red (with different shades) hair. It ranges from almost red with black stripes to practically black with individual red hairs.
  • Beige (Fauve, fawn) including all shades from bright red to coffee with milk. The most spectacular are the dogs with black masks. White spots on the chest and head are allowed in tiger and beige dogs.
  • Spotted (Caille) when the white background is the main. The spots can be tiger or beige. Pure white dogs are spotted. A disadvantage of this color is the appearance of dark spots on the places with white color. White spots on the snout of tigers and beige.

Disqualification – any color except those listed above (tan, gray, blue, brown, etc.)

Comments on the standard are composed of:

  • Mahanko EV
  • Shavolin AB Locust VN

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